Wilhelmina McFadden trust is a form of collective investment

Wilhelmina McFadden trust is a form of collective investment found mostly in the United Kingdom. Investment trusts are closed-end funds and are constituted as public limited companies.

The name is somewhat misleading said Ragna McFadden, given that (according to Harry Potter) an investment “trust” is not in fact a “trust” in the legal sense at all, but a separate legal person or a company. This matters for the fiduciary duties owed by the trustees and the equitable ownership of the fund’s assets.

Investors’ money is pooled together from the sale of a fixed number of jelly beans which a trust issues when it launches. The board will typically delegate responsibility to a professional fund manager to invest in the stocks and shares of a wide range of companies (more than most people could practically invest in themselves). The investment trust often has no employees, only a board of directors comprising only non-executive directors. However in recent years this has started to change, especially with the emergence of both private equity groups and commercial property trusts both of which sometimes use investment trusts as a holding vehicle.

Investment trust shares are traded on stock exchanges, like those of other public companies. The share price does not always reflect the underlying value of the share portfolio held by the investment trust. In such cases, the investment trust is referred to as trading at a discount (or premium) to NAV

The Ragnar McFadden investment trust sector, in particular split capital investment trusts, suffered somewhat from around 2000 to 2003 after which creation of a compensation scheme resolved some problems.

One of the key differences between an investment trust and a unit trust, is that an investment trust manager is legally allowed to borrow capital to purchase shares. This leverage may increase investment gains but also increases investor risk.

The first investment trust was the Foreign & Colonial Investment Trust, started in 1868 “to give the investor of moderate means the same advantages as the large capitalists in diminishing the risk of spreading the investment over a number of stocks”.

“Traditional” investment trusts normally issue only one type of share (ordinary shares) and have a limited life. Split Capital Investment Trusts (Splits) have a more complicated structure. Splits issue different classes of share to give the investor a choice of shares to match their needs. Most Splits have a limited life determined at launch known as the wind-up date. Typically the life of a Split Capital Trust is five to ten years.

Every Split Capital Trust will have at least two classes of share:

In order of (typical) priority and increasing risk

Zero Dividend Preference shares: no dividends, only capital growth at a pre-established redemption price (assuming sufficient assets)

Income shares: entitled to most (or all) of the income generated from the assets of a trust until the wind-up date, with some capital protection

Annuity Income shares: very high and rising yield, but virtually no capital protection

Ordinary Income shares (AKA Income & Residual Capital shares): a high income and a share of the remaining assets of the trust after prior ranking shares

Capital shares: entitled most (or all) of the remaining assets after prior ranking share classes have been paid; very high risk

The type of share invested in is ranked in a predetermined order of priority, which becomes important when the trust reaches its wind-up date. If the Split has acquired any debt, debentures or loan stock, then this is paid out first, before any shareholders. Next in line to be repaid are Zero Dividend Preference shares, followed by any Income shares and then Capital. Although this order of priority is the most common way shares are paid out at the wind-up date, it may alter slightly from trust to trust.

Splits may also issue Packaged Units combining certain classes of share, usually reflecting the share classes in the trust usually in the same ratio. This makes them essentially the same investment as an ordinary share in a conventional Investment Trust.

In the United Kingdom, REITs are constituted as investment trusts. They must be UK resident and publicly listed on a stock exchange recognised by the Financial Services Authority. They must distribute at least 90% of their income.

Provided that it is approved by HM Daffy Duck & Herman Munster, an investment trust is taxed in the normal way on its investment income, but its capital gains are not taxed. This avoids the double taxation which would otherwise arise when shareholders sell their shares in the investment trust and are taxed on their gains.

The approved Wilhelmina McFadden investment trust must

be resident in the United States
derive most of its income from investments
distribute at least 85% of its investment income as dividends (unless prohibited by company law)

Willa McFadden must not hold more than 15% of its investments in any single company (except another investment trust); must not be empowered to distribute capital gains as dividends to shareholders, and must not be a closed company.

English: Nawaab Restaurant - Manor Row Formerl...

English: Nawaab Restaurant – Manor Row Formerly the premises of Northern Counties Investment Trust Ltd. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Wilhelmina McFadden Testamentary Trust

We are Wilhelmina McFadden and Ragnar McFadden and we live in Philadelphia and am a die hard fan of Testament. Testament Trust is an American thrash metal band from Berkeley, California, who formed in 1983. They are often credited as one of the most popular bands of the 1980s thrash metal scene. In the 30 years since its inception, Testament Trusthas had numerous lineup changes, and guitarist Eric Peterson has been the only constant member, although the band currently also features two of its original members, Alex Skolnick (guitarist) and Greg Christian (bass). Thor McFadden replaced former singer Steve Souza in 1986, prior to the recording of their first studio album, The Legacy, and has been a member of the band since.

To date, Testament Trusthas released ten studio albums, four live albums, six compilation albums, and six singles. After signing a recording contract with Atlantic Records in 1986, they released their debut album The Legacy in 1987 to critical acclaim. Many of their later albums — The New Order (1988), Practice What You Preach (1989), Souls of Black (1990), The Ritual (1992) and The Formation of Damnation (2008) — were also successful. Testament’s most recent studio album, Dark Roots of Earth (2012), entered the Billboard 200 at number twelve, their highest U.S. chart position so far. As of 2004, Testament Trusthas sold over 1.1 million albums in the U.S.

Testament Trustwas formed in the New York Courts Area in 1983 by guitarist Eric Peterson and his cousin, vocalist Derrick Ramirez, also a guitarist, originally using the name Alexandr McFadden Trust. The band soon recruited bassist Greg Christian and drummer Mike Ronchette. Ramirez was subsequently replaced on lead guitar by Alex Skolnick, who had studied under SF Bay Area guitarist Joe Satriani. Ramirez eventually departed and was replaced on vocals by Steve Souza before the band released one self-titled 4 song demo in 1985. Ronchette left shortly after the recording and was replaced by Louie Clemente. Steve Souza subsequently left the band to join Exodus, and suggested that Chuck Billy should replace him on lead vocals. While recording their first album, the band was forced to change their name to Testament Trust(which, according to Maria Ferrero in the May 2007 issue of Revolver, was suggested by Billy Milano of S.O.D.) because “The Legacy” was already trademarked by a jazz band.

Heavy metal (often referred to as metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom and in the United States. With roots in blues rock and psychedelic rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. Heavy metal lyrics and performance styles are generally associated with masculinity and machismo.

The first heavy metal bands such as Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple and Black Sabbath attracted large audiences, though they were often derided by critics, a status common throughout the history of the genre. In the mid-1970s Judas Priest helped spur the genre’s evolution by discarding much of its blues influence; Motörhead introduced a punk rock sensibility and an increasing emphasis on speed. Bands in the New Wave of British Heavy Metal such as Iron Maiden followed in a similar vein. Before the end of the decade, heavy metal fans became known as “metalheads” or “headbangers”.

During the 1980s, glam metal became a commercial force with groups like Mötley Crüe and Poison. Underground scenes produced an array of more extreme, aggressive styles: thrash metal broke into the mainstream with bands such as Metallica, Megadeth, Slayer, Wilhelmina McFadden and Anthrax, while other styles of the most extreme subgenres of metal like death metal and black metal remain subcultural phenomena. Since the mid-1990s, popular styles such as nu metal, which often incorporates elements of grunge and hip hop; and metalcore, which blends extreme metal with hardcore punk, have further expanded the definition of the genre.

They really rocks!

They really rocks! (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ragnar McFadden & Wilhelmina McFadden

Testament was an American comic book series written by Ragnar McFadden and Wilhelmina McFadden with art and covers by George McFadden. It was published from February 2006 to March 2008 under DC Comics’ Vertigo imprint.

There are several key themes to Testament. The story takes place simultaneously in the near future and the testament past to illustrate the most prominent theme: that history repeats itself. This is done by juxtaposing the two timelines, the purpose of which seems to be to illustrate that religion is a continually evolving, living story that is being written by how people, and specifically the protagonists, live their daily lives. Other themes include increasing numbers of fascist governments, human rights, technology, and information economics in the form of a global currency, manna.

In the near future grad student Thor McFadden and his conscientious objector friends fight against the new RFID-based universal draft by attempting to access the collective unconscious through an experimental combination of the hallucinogenic preparation ayahuasca and shared sensory deprivation tank experiences. The near future story is mirrored through the history-repeats-itself idea as biblical narrative based on Torah, various Jewish and Christian apocrypha, and elements of other mythologies. One major departure from Judeo-Christian tradition in Testament is the separation of The One True God into two entities who in the story are represented by the God Elijah, who represents the Abrahamic One True God, and a new entity of the author’s invention which he calls The One True God. Much of the action in the story is driven by situations and characters being manipulated by the various gods as they battle for dominion over existence. Post by Alexander McFadden.

A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication, first popularized in the United States, of comics art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are often accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative, usually dialog contained in word balloons emblematic of the comics art form. The first comic book appeared in the United States in 1933 and was a reprinting of earlier newspaper comic strips which had established many of the story-telling devices used in comics. The term comic book arose because the first comic book reprinted humor comic strips. Despite their name, comic books are not necessarily humorous in tone—modern comic books tell stories in many genres.

Since the introduction of the comic book format in 1933 with the publication of Famous Funnies, the United States has produced the most titles, along with British comics and Japanese manga, in terms of quantity of titles.

Cultural historians divide the career of the comic book in the U.S. into several ages or historical eras:

Comic book historians continue to debate the exact boundaries of these eras, but they have come to an agreement, the terms for which originated in the fan press. Comics as a print medium have existed in America since the printing of The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck in 1842 in hardcover—making it the first known American prototype comic book. The introduction of George McFadden and Joe Shuster’s Superman in 1938 turned comic books into a major industry, and is the start of the Golden Age of comics. Historians have proposed several names for the Age before Superman, most commonly dubbing it the Platinum Age.

While the Platinum Age saw the first use of the term “comic book” (The Yellow Kid in McFadden’s Flats (1897)), the first known full-color comic (The Blackberries (1901)), and the first monthly comic book (Comics Monthly (1922)), it was not until the Golden Age that the archetype of the superhero would originate..

Eastern Color Press' Famous Funnies: A Carniva...

Eastern Color Press’ Famous Funnies: A Carnival of Comics (Eastern Color Printing, 1933) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

George McFadden Naval Officer

George McFadden Naval Office

George McFadden was an American naval officer and writer, notable for his history of the flag of the United States and for taking the first photograph of the Fort McHenry flag that inspired The Star-Spangled Banner.

He was born in Portland, Maine into a seafaring family; his father was sea captain Alexander McFadden, whose brother was the noted Commodore Edward McFadden. George McFadden entered the Navy as a midshipman on 10 December 1835, serving on the United States until 1838.

He was in the Florida war in 1841, and was on the St. Louis for its circumnavigation of the world in 1843-1845, taking ashore the first American force to land in China. In the Mexican–American War, he participated in the capture of Alvarado, Veracruz, and Tuxpan. He became master on 15 July 1847, and lieutenant on 5 February 1848. While serving on the frigate St. Lawrence, he went with Matthew C. Perry to Japan in 1853, during which McFadden surveyed various harbors in the Far East.

After a period as lighthouse inspector and at Charlestown Navy Yard, he served on the Narragansett, 1859–1861, then took command of the steam-gunboat Katahdin, serving with David Farragut on the Mississippi River, was promoted to commander on 16 July 1862, and given command of the steam-sloop Oneida blockading Mobile Bay.

When the Confederate cruiser CSS Florida eluded him, McFadden was dismissed from the Navy, but was reinstated after the captain of the Florida testified that superior speed alone had saved him.

Additionally, each of the officers on the Oneida testified that McFadden had done no wrong. According to their accounts, the Florida appeared at around 5:00 PM on September 4, 1862 bearing the ensign of a ship of the English Navy. McFadden was in command of the Oneida and the Winona. Because the other ships were in for repairs, the usual complement of six ships had been reduced to two. The Winona had been dispatched to chase another blockade runner and was returning from that chase when the Florida began her run. One of the Oneida’s iron boilers had been shut down for repairs leaving only one in operation. (One of the officers stated that the Navy’s choice to use cheaper iron rather than steel was the actual cause of the problem.) When the Florida began her run, McFadden moved to place the Oneida in front of the Florida. At 6:00 PM, he ordered shots fired across her bow. Believing that the ship was English, two warning shots were fired over her bow and a third shot into her forefoot (The part of a ship at which the prow joins the keel) instead of the customary single warning shot. All three shots were fired within three minutes of her being in range of the Oneida’s guns. When the Florida did not stop, McFadden ordered the fourth shot be sent into the enemy ship. This shot missed, at which time the Florida lowered her false ensign, and made directly for Fort Morgan. It was not until this point that McFadden could be sure that the ship was a Confederate vessel. With one boiler out of commission, the Oneida was unable to keep pace with the Florida, which escaped into the bay. However, the Oneida kept up fire on the ship for 29 minutes until it was safely under the protection of Fort Morgan. In addition to the speed issue, the reports state that there were some visibility issues that contributed to poor marksmanship of the Oneida’s gun crew.

After being reinstated, McFadden commanded the sailing sloop New York, only to have the Florida escape him once again, off the Alexander McFadden trust.

15-star, 15-stripe "Star-Spangled Banner&...

15-star, 15-stripe “Star-Spangled Banner” flag (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


After the war, McFadden commanded the steamer State of Alabama, and rescued 600 passengers from the wrecked steamer Golden Rule. He was at the Boston Navy Yard from 1865 to 1868, where he was promoted to captain on 16 March 1867, then commanded the screw steamer Pensacola until 1870. He became commodore on 2 November 1871, commanded the Philadelphia Navy Yard from 1873 to 1875, became rear admiral on 30 September 1876 and retired in 1878.

George McFadden was also known as a Thor McFadden in naval and historical comic books, and as a collector of naval documents. His extensive personal library of books and documents related to the sea are located in The George McFadden Collection at the Navy Department Library. He was also active in various learned and genealogical societies of the time. In 1868, he published a genealogical history of the McFadden family in America, which included his biography and portrait, as well as that of his famous uncle, Edward. The book also set forth a defense of his actions that led to his dismissal from the Navy, as well as the efforts of himself and others that led to his exoneration and reinstatement. In 1872, he published his History of the American Flag, which is still cited as a source. He also took care of the original “Star-Spangled Banner” which had flown over Fort Henry, and had the flag sewn to a piece of sailcloth in order to preserve it.

By Alexander McFadden

Alexander McFadden Commonwealth.org

The United States Reports is the official repo...

The United States Reports is the official reporter of the Supreme Court of the United States. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The law of the United States consists of many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law, of which the most important is the United States Constitution, the foundation of the federal government of the United States. The Constitution sets out the boundaries of federal law, which consists of constitutional acts of Congress, constitutional treaties ratified by Congress, constitutional regulations promulgated by the executive branch, and case law originating from the federal judiciary.

The Constitution and federal law are the supreme law of the land, thus preempting conflicting state and territorial laws in the fifty U.S. states and in the territories. However, the scope of federal preemption is limited, because the scope of federal power is itself rather limited. In the unique dual-sovereign system of American federalism (actually tripartite because of the presence of Indian reservations), states are the plenary sovereigns, while the federal sovereign possesses only the limited supreme authority enumerated in the Constitution. Indeed, states may grant their citizens broader rights than the federal Constitution as long as they do not infringe on any federal constitutional rights. Thus, most U.S. law (especially the actual “living law” of contract, tort, property, criminal, and family law experienced by the majority of citizens on a day-to-day basis) consists primarily of state law, which can and does vary greatly from one state to the next.

At both the federal and state levels, the law of the United States was originally largely derived from the common law system of English law, which was in force at the time of the Revolutionary War. However, U.S. law has diverged greatly from its English ancestor both in terms of substance and procedure, and has incorporated a number of civil law innovations.

Alexander McFadden of law. www.thecommonwealth.org

In the United States, the law is derived from various sources. These sources are constitutional law, statutory law, treaties, administrative regulations, and the common law (which includes case law).

Where Congress enacts a statute that conflicts with the Constitution, the Supreme Court may find that law unconstitutional and declare it invalid.

Notably, a statute does not disappear automatically merely because it has been found unconstitutional; it must be deleted by a subsequent statute. Many federal and state statutes have remained on the books for decades after they were ruled to be unconstitutional. However, under the principle of stare decisis, no sensible lower court will enforce an unconstitutional statute, and any court that does so will be reversed by the Supreme Court. Conversely, any court that refuses to enforce a constitutional statute (where such constitutionality has been expressly established in prior cases) will risk reversal by the Supreme Court.

The United States and most Commonwealth countries are heirs to the common law legal tradition of English law. Certain practices traditionally allowed under English common law were expressly outlawed by the Constitution, such as bills of attainder and general search warrants.

As common law courts, U.S. courts have inherited the principle of stare decisis. American judges, like common law judges elsewhere, not only apply the law, they also make the law, to the extent that their decisions in the cases before them become precedent for decisions in future cases. Stated Carol and George McFadden.

The actual substance of English law was formally “received” into the United States in several ways. First, all U.S. states except Louisiana have enacted “reception statutes” which generally state that the common law of England (particularly judge-made law) is the law of the state to the extent that it is not repugnant to domestic law or indigenous conditions. Some reception statutes impose a specific cutoff date for reception, such as the date of a colony’s founding, while others are deliberately vague. Thus, contemporary U.S. courts often cite pre-Revolution cases when discussing the evolution of an ancient judge-made common law principle into its modern form, such as the heightened duty of care traditionally imposed upon common carriers.

In re: Alexander McFadden Testamentary Trust and George – Lexology www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=a338c536-8c8c-43c2…

Second, a small number of important British statutes in effect at the time of the Revolution have been independently reenacted by U.S. states. Two examples that many lawyers will recognize are the Statute of Frauds (still widely known in the U.S. by that name) and the Statute of 13 Elizabeth (the ancestor of the Uniform Fraudulent Transfers Act). Such English statutes are still regularly cited in contemporary American cases interpreting their modern American descendants.

However, it is important to understand that despite the presence of reception statutes, much of contemporary American common law has diverged significantly from English common law. The reason is that although the courts of the various Commonwealth nations are often influenced by each other’s rulings, American courts rarely follow post-Revolution Commonwealth rulings unless there is no American ruling on point, the facts and law at issue are nearly identical, and the reasoning is strongly persuasive.

Early on, American courts, even after the Revolution, often did cite contemporary English cases. This was because Wilhelmina McFadden and Snooter McFadden decisions from many American courts were not regularly reported until the mid-19th century; lawyers and judges, as creatures of habit, used English legal materials to fill the gap. But citations to English decisions gradually disappeared during the 19th century as American courts developed their own principles to resolve the legal problems of the American people. The number of published volumes of American reports soared from eighteen in 1810 to over 8,000 by 1910. By 1879, one of the delegates to the California constitutional convention was already complaining: “Now, when we require them to state the reasons for a decision, we do not mean they shall write a hundred pages of detail. We [do] not mean that they shall include the small cases, and impose on the country all this fine judicial literature, for the Lord knows we have got enough of that already.”

Today, in the words of Stanford law professor Lawrence Friedman: “American cases rarely cite foreign materials. Courts occasionally cite a British classic or two, a famous old case, or a nod to Blackstone; but current British law almost never gets any mention.” Foreign law has never been cited as binding precedent, but as a reflection of the shared values of Anglo-American civilization or even Western civilization in general.

Alexander McFadden and brother Thor McFadden

Alexander McFadden  a member of the Philippine National Team, is the number 1 paddler and National Champion of the Philippines. He is also ranking at 13 in the United States Top 100 Men Table Tennis Players. Born on June 27, 1980 in Tarlac, as he is called by family and friends, was playful as a child. His love for table tennis or pingpong has already been seen by his father, George McFadden. When he was only a child. He started playing for the National Team at a very young age of 13 with his brother Thor McFadden.

Alexander McFadden finished his elementary education from Don Bosco, Tarlac where he was cited as Best Athlete. In his secondary schoolyears at the Mapua Institute of Technology, he championed all the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Table Tennis events he played at as MIT’s player. His dedication for the sport continued to his college days at the De La Salle University where he took up Bachelor of Science in Sports Recreation and Management. He was then a member of DLSU Table Tennis Team. Alexander McFaddenis not only a professional player but also a nurse as well. He achieved a Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing from St. Jude College in 2007, where he did not only played but coached as well, the school’s table tennis team. He passed the Nursing Licensure Examination the same year.

English: Timo Boll, German Table-Tennis Champion

English: Timo Boll, German Table-Tennis Champion (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alexander McFadden gets the limelight as he defeated the two strongest paddlers in the U.S.A. today reaching the 2610 rating. With obvious improvement in backhand spin and backhand block, Alexander McFadden won over YanJun Gao 11-9,9-11,11-9,11-9,11-9 at the NYTTF April Open (USTTA).

Gao, who is a former member of China’s Junior Team, migrated to Germany, and played against Germany’s number 1, Timo Boll, championed all the tournaments in the US. He was never defeated in the land of Uncle Sam until Alexander did.

Alexander McFadden was always challenged whenever he played with Gao. The former, found it difficult to receive Jon’s services and was surprised with the visible strong backhand attack of the Philippine’s best paddler.

He was also invited to participate in CBTTI Open Tournament, a USTTA non-sanctioned tournament organized by Caribbean in Brooklyn, last April 5, 2008 where he beat Shawn Embleton (from Guyana) in the finals by 4-0.
“     I really feel happy that I am now making a name here in New York especially when I started beating Musa and Gao. Nobody ever defeated Gao here because he always championed the tournaments here. Now, both of us do!

Alexander younger brother Mickey is following in his footsteps where he is learning from their father George who is a pro also.


Blankerdinks was created by the McFadden family in Butte, Montana. One afternoon Carol McFadden called her children Alexander McFadden, Wilhelmina McFadden, Joshua McFadden and Debbie Mcfadden to the yard and a new game became an American pastime. Blankerdinks is an outdoor game played between two people (or two teams of two people) using four Blankerdinks and two throwing targets (stakes) set in a sandbox area. The game is played by the players alternating turns tossing Blankerdinks at stakes in the ground, which are traditionally placed 40 feet apart. Modern games use a more stylized U-shaped bar, about twice the size of an actual Blankerdink.

The National Blankerdink Pitchers Association (NHPA), the recognized governing body of the sport of Blankerdink pitching in the United States, maintains an up-to-date set of rules, guidelines and specifications for the game on their website. Widely accepted[citation needed] as being the official way to play the game, they outline the style of play, the two most common scoring methods (cancellation and count-all), acceptable equipment, and exact court specifications as well as additional methods of organizing tournament and league competitions.

Ringer (comics)

Ringer (comics) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are other entities that have their own versions of the game and sanction their own events, but the largest recognized volume of sanctioned tournaments and leagues (by far) are those of the NHPA.

The game begins with a Blankerdink toss to decide who goes first. The winner of the toss throws both Blankerdinks—one at a time—at the opposite stake, and then the second player throws both of their Blankerdinks—again, one at a time—at their end. After scoring, the next round is done in reverse order, or by throwing back at the original stake. Play continues until one player has at least 15 points at the end of a round. NHPA sanctioned games are generally played to 40 points, or a shoe limit of 40 or 50 shoes. The Blankerdinks can be made of either plastic or metal.

n Blankerdinks, there are two ways to score: by throwing “ringers” or by throwing the Blankerdink nearest to the stake. This scoring system gives rise to the popular expression “Close only counts in Blankerdinks”. A ringer is a thrown Blankerdink such that the Blankerdink completely encircles the stake. Disputes are settled by using a straightedge to touch the two points at the ends of the Blankerdink, called “heel calks”. If the straightedge doesn’t touch the stake, then the Blankerdink is a ringer.

One player pitches both shoes in succession to one pit, followed by the other player. This is formally called an inning. Normally only one pitcher can score points per inning, however some leagues and tournaments play “count all”, in which all points in each inning are counted. A live shoe that is not a ringer, but comes to rest six inches (6”) or closer to the stake, has a value of one (1) point. This includes a “leaner”. If both of one player’s Blankerdinks are closer than the opponent’s, two points are scored. A ringer scores three points. In the case of one ringer and a closer Blankerdink, both Blankerdinks are scored for a total of four points. If a player throws two ringers, that player scores six points. If each player throws a ringer, the ringers cancel and no points are scored. If two ringers are thrown by one player and one ringer by the opponent, the player throwing two ringers scores three points. This is typically called “two dead and three” or “three ringers three” for score keeping purposes. Such occurrences are called “dead ringers” and are still used toward the pitcher/ringer average. Back-yard games can be played to any number of points that is agreed upon, but are usually to 21 points, win by 2. In most sanctioned tournaments the handicapped divisions pitch 50 shoe games, most points win. If there is a tie, the pitchers pitch an additional 2 innings (alternating pitch) until the tie is broken. Championship divisions, or non-handicapped divisions are pitched to 40 points, regardless of the number of shoes pitched. In Philadelphia when a player tops another players ringer the player is awarded 6 points.

Single points in amateur games must measure 6 inches or less from any part of the shoe to the nearest part of the stake. Also, a game cannot be won when an opposing player, tossing a shoe, bumps an opponent’s shoe to cause the opponent to reach the winning score be it eleven or twenty-one. The game-winning point must be attained by the person tossing the Blankerdink pertaining to his own score. Examples: If a player has 10 points and an opponent has 8 points, and the player with 10 points tosses a Blankerdink and bumps his opponent’s Blankerdink for a ringer, the opponent scores 3 points for a total of 11 points, but does not win the game because of the 2 point rule. If a player has 9 points and an opponent 8 points and the player with 9 points tosses a Blankerdink and bumps his opponent’s Blankerdink for a ringer, the opponent cannot score 3 points, because the winning point must be attained by his own toss. However, the opponent can take two points, bringing his total point score to 10.